Вопрос по hashmap, hashtable, c++ – Быстрый C ++ контейнер, такой как C # HashSet и Dictionary ?

7

Я много использовал HashSet и Dictionary в C # и нашел их очень быстро ...

Я пытался использовать std :: map и std :: hash_map, и сравнивал их очень медленно. Похоже ли это на ожидаемое поведение? Есть ли что-то, что я могу делать неправильно при использовании std :: hash_map?

Или есть лучший C ++ Hash-контейнер?

Я хеширую int32, обычно около 100 000 из них.

Обновление: я создал репродукцию в C # и C ++. Он запускает два испытания, они занимают 19 мс и 13 мс в C # и около 11 000 мс в C ++. Должно быть что-то действительно не так с моим кодом C ++ :)

(Оба были запущены как сборки Release, оба являются консольными приложениями)

Выход C #:

Found 511 values in the intersection, in 19 ms
Found 508 values in the intersection, in 13 ms

Выход C ++:

Found 308 values in the intersection, in 11764.7ms
Found 316 values in the intersection, in 11742.8ms

Вывод C ++ (используя stdext :: hash_map вместо std :: map)

Found 300 values in the intersection, in 383.552ms
Found 306 values in the intersection, in 2277.02ms

Вывод C ++ (с использованием stdext :: hash_map, выпуск x64 build)

Found 292 values in the intersection, in 1037.67ms
Found 302 values in the intersection, in 3663.71ms

Заметки:

Set2 is not getting populated quite as I wanted in C++, I was expecting it to have a 50% intersection with Set1 (as it does in C#), but I had to multiply my random number by 10 for some reason to even get them to partially not intersect

C #:

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        int start = DateTime.Now.Millisecond;
        int intersectionSize = runIntersectionTest();
        int duration = DateTime.Now.Millisecond - start;

        Console.WriteLine(String.Format("Found {0} values in the intersection, in {1} ms", intersectionSize, duration));

        start = DateTime.Now.Millisecond;
        intersectionSize = runIntersectionTest();
        duration = DateTime.Now.Millisecond - start;

        Console.WriteLine(String.Format("Found {0} values in the intersection, in {1} ms", intersectionSize, duration));

        Console.ReadKey();
    }

    static int runIntersectionTest()
    {
        Random random = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond);

        Dictionary<int,int> theMap = new Dictionary<int,int>();

        List<int> set1 = new List<int>();
        List<int> set2 = new List<int>();

        // Create 100,000 values for set1
        for ( int i = 0; i < 100000; i++ )
        {
            int value = 1000000000 + i;
            set1.Add(value);
        }

        // Create 1,000 values for set2
        for ( int i = 0; i < 1000; i++ )
        {
            int value = 1000000000 + (random.Next() % 200000 + 1);
            set2.Add(value);
        }

        // Now intersect the two sets by populating the map
        foreach( int value in set1 )
        {
            theMap[value] = 1;
        }

        int intersectionSize = 0;

        foreach ( int value in set2 )
        {
            int count;
            if ( theMap.TryGetValue(value, out count ) )
            {
                intersectionSize++;
                theMap[value] = 2;
            }
        }

        return intersectionSize;
    }

C ++:

int runIntersectionTest()
{
    std::map<int,int> theMap;

    vector<int> set1;
    vector<int> set2;

    // Create 100,000 values for set1
    for ( int i = 0; i < 100000; i++ )
    {
        int value = 1000000000 + i;
        set1.push_back(value);
    }

    // Create 1,000 values for set2
    for ( int i = 0; i < 1000; i++ )
    {
        int random = rand() % 200000 + 1;
        random *= 10;

        int value = 1000000000 + random;
        set2.push_back(value);
    }

    // Now intersect the two sets by populating the map
    for ( vector<int>::iterator iterator = set1.begin(); iterator != set1.end(); iterator++ )
    {
        int value = *iterator;

        theMap[value] = 1;
    }

    int intersectionSize = 0;

    for ( vector<int>::iterator iterator = set2.begin(); iterator != set2.end(); iterator++ )
    {
        int value = *iterator;

        map<int,int>::iterator foundValue = theMap.find(value);

        if ( foundValue != theMap.end() )
        {
            theMap[value] = 2;

            intersectionSize++;
        }
    }

    return intersectionSize;

}

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
    srand ( time(NULL) );

    Timer timer;
    int intersectionSize = runIntersectionTest();
    timer.Stop();

    cout << "Found " << intersectionSize << " values in the intersection, in " << timer.GetMilliseconds() << "ms" << endl;

    timer.Reset();
    intersectionSize = runIntersectionTest();
    timer.Stop();

    cout << "Found " << intersectionSize << " values in the intersection, in " << timer.GetMilliseconds() << "ms" << endl;

    getchar();

    return 0;
}
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Todd Gardner
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded David Seiler
Error: User Rate Limit Exceededstackoverflow.com/questions/1060337/…Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black

Ваш Ответ

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Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
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Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
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5

#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>

#include <windows.h>

typedef struct {
    LARGE_INTEGER start;
    LARGE_INTEGER stop;
} stopWatch;

class CStopWatch {

private:
    stopWatch timer;
    LARGE_INTEGER frequency;
    double LIToSecs( LARGE_INTEGER & L);
public:
    CStopWatch();
    void startTimer( );
    void stopTimer( );
    double getElapsedTime();
};

double CStopWatch::LIToSecs( LARGE_INTEGER & L) {
    return ((double)L.QuadPart /(double)frequency.QuadPart) ;
}

CStopWatch::CStopWatch(){
    timer.start.QuadPart=0;
    timer.stop.QuadPart=0;
    QueryPerformanceFrequency( &frequency ) ;
}

void CStopWatch::startTimer( ) {
    QueryPerformanceCounter(&timer.start) ;
}

void CStopWatch::stopTimer( ) {
    QueryPerformanceCounter(&timer.stop) ;
}

double CStopWatch::getElapsedTime() {
    LARGE_INTEGER time;
    time.QuadPart = timer.stop.QuadPart - timer.start.QuadPart;
    return LIToSecs( time) ;
}

using namespace std;
int runIntersectionTest()
{
    std::map<int,int> theMap;

    vector<int> set1;
    vector<int> set2;

    // Create 100,000 values for set1
    for ( int i = 0; i < 100000; i++ )
    {
        int value = 1000000000 + i;
        set1.push_back(value);
    }

    // Create 1,000 values for set2
    for ( int i = 0; i < 1000; i++ )
    {
        int random = rand() % 200000 + 1;
        random *= 10;

        int value = 1000000000 + random;
        set2.push_back(value);
    }

    // Now intersect the two sets by populating the map
    for ( vector<int>::iterator iterator = set1.begin(); iterator != set1.end(); iterator++ )
    {
        int value = *iterator;

        theMap[value] = 1;
    }

    int intersectionSize = 0;

    for ( vector<int>::iterator iterator = set2.begin(); iterator != set2.end(); iterator++ )
    {
        int value = *iterator;

        map<int,int>::iterator foundValue = theMap.find(value);

        if ( foundValue != theMap.end() )
        {
                theMap[value] = 2;

                intersectionSize++;
        }
    }

    return intersectionSize;

}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    srand ( time(NULL) );
    int tests = 2;
    while(tests--){
      CStopWatch timer;
      timer.startTimer();
      int intersectionSize = runIntersectionTest();
      timer.stopTimer();

      cout << "Found " << intersectionSize << " values in the intersection, in " << timer.getElapsedTime() << "s\r\n";
    }

    getchar();

    return 0;
}

Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded Alex Black
Error: User Rate Limit Exceeded
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